Chinese pharmacopoeia:Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae
Pinyin:Chuān Bèi Mǔ
English:BULBUS FRITILLARIAE CIRRHOSAE
This product is a liliaceous plant unibract fritillary bulb Fritillaria cirrhosa D.D on Fritillaria, dark purple Fritillaria unibracteata Hsiao et K.C.H sia, gansu Fritillaria Fritillaria przewalskii Maxim, sand or spindle Fritillaria Fritillaria delavayi Franch. Dry bulb. The first three are known as "songbei" and "qingbei" according to different characters, while the latter is known as "furnace shell". Dig in summer, autumn or when the snow melts, remove fibrous roots, coarse skin and sediment, and dry in the sun or low temperature.
Songbei: conical or subspherical, 0.3-0.8cm high, 0.3-0.9cm in diameter. The surface is white. Outer squamous leaves 2 petals, the size is great difference, the big petals tightly embrace the small petals, not embrace the part of the crescent shape, known as the "arms hold the month"; The top is closed, and there are 1 ~ 2 heart buds and small scale leaves with cylindrical shape and slightly pointed tip. Apex obtuse or slightly pointed, base flat, slightly concave, center with 1 grey-brown bulb disc, occasionally remaining fibrous roots. It is hard and brittle, white in section and powdery. The breath is faint, the taste is bitter.
Scallops: oblate in shape, 0.4 ~ 1.4cm in height and 0.4 ~ 1.6cm in diameter. Outer scaly leaves 2-valved, similar in size, relatively clasped, apically dehiscent, with 2 ~ 3 core buds and small scaly leaves and slender cylindrical remnant stems.
The shell is long conical with a height of 0.7 ~ 2.5cm and a diameter of 0.5 ~ 2.5cm. The surface is white or light brownish yellow, some with brown spots. Outer leaf scales 2, of similar size, apically dehiscent and slightly acute, base slightly acute or obtuse.
Identification: the powder is white.
There are a lot of starch grains in songshellfish and green shellfish. They are broadly ovate, oblong or irregular. Some edges are not smooth or slightly branched. The epidermal cells are oblong in shape, the vertical wall is microwave-shaped and curved, sometimes with infinitive stoma, rounded or oblate. The diameter of the threaded catheter is 5 ~ 26 meters.
The starch grains of oval-shaped, shell-shaped, kidney-shaped or elliptic, with a diameter of about 60 meters, umbilical point shaped like herringbone, star or dot, with obvious lamellar pattern. Thread and reticulated catheter diameter up to 64 meters.
Sexual taste: bitter, sweet, slightly cold.
Return to the lung and heart.
Function and function:
Clear heat runfei, phlegm and cough. Used for lung hot dry cough, dry cough with little phlegm, Yin asthenia, cough with blood.
Usage and dosage:
3 ~ 9 g; Grind powder and punch, 1 ~ 2g at a time.
Caution: should not be used with aconite.
Storage: ventilated and dry place, moth-proof.
Excerpt from Chinese pharmacopoeia